Robert Frank, born in Zurich in 1924, left Switzerland in 1947 and emigrated to the United States, a symbol of freedom. Disappointed by the omnipresent materialism, he returned to Europe in 1949. Many trips took him to South America, Spain, England and Paris. By early 1951 he met Robert Delpire who quickly published some of his circus photographs in an issue of NEUF and shortly thereafter devoted an entire issue of the magazine to Frank’s recent photographs of South America.
Frank returned to the United States in 1953 and obtained a grant two years later from the Guggenheim Foundation to document American civilization. The result, published in 1958 by Delpire, revolutionized the history of documentary photography and the outlook for America.
At the end of the 1950s, Frank became a committed filmmaker.